The Relationship between Oil Production and Energy Consumption in Arab Countries

Document Type : Research Paper


Beirut Arab University, Beirut Arab University District, Faculty of Business Administration, Beirut, Lebanon


Energy consumption has been essential to societies; because societies depend on the rising provisions of energy to meet their requirements for goods and services and endorse sustainable development. The major source of energy nowadays is oil; oil consumption is dependent on oil availability, production and price. Several Arab countries are considered as major suppliers of oil in the world; consequently, there is a need to shed the light on oil as a source of energy in the Arab countries. Accordingly, Arab countries have been divided into five different oil type categories; furthermore, data for electricity consumption, estimated population and ranking for every country have been collected. Moreover, sample data for 19 Arab countries has been extracted, which included GDP/capita and Energy use (kg of oil equivalent/capita) (ECPC) that will be studied.
Results attained showed that Arab countries differ from each other when it comes to energy consumption depending on what oil type category they belong to. This has been asserted from the results attained from the electricity consumption data; as well as, from sample data results of the 19 Arab countries, which have shown that Average GDP/capita, GDP/capita across all Arab countries and ECPC exhibited the highest energy consumption for the oil producing and lowest for the non-producing and importing countries. Nonetheless, further research should be done on amending energy price policies and on determining the effect of the fluctuation of oil prices on the implementation of other types of renewable energy methods in the different Arab countries.