The Causes and Consequences of Circular Labor Migration from Bangladesh: Review of the Relevant Theories and Literatures

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Management, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

2 Department of Economics, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

3 Institute of Bangladesh Studies, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Abstract

This study aims at reviewing the existing theories and studies of circular labor migration which explore the causes and consequences of circular labor migration of a developing country like Bangladesh. According to most of the relevant studies of circular labor migration unemployment, poverty, social status, cultural, political, higher wages, better job opportunity, better living standard, economic degradation, mal adjustment of the community, are the major push factors in migration process. Although pull factors are not so prevailing, easy access of informal sector, higher income earning possibility, better service facilities, and bright future life attracted people to make a settlement in the developed countries. Based on existing literature, article, journal, reviewed document, and the significant consequences of circular labor migration are crate employment and better earning, enjoying some public facilities, congestion, difficulties of waste dumping, shortage of housing, inadequate educational facilities, poor economic condition, living standard and environmental humiliation. The main objective of this article is to find out theoretically the reasons and circumstances of circular labor migration from Bangladesh.

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